An Introduction to the

City of Jiaxing, Zhejiang, China


Jiaxing has been known for centuries as a charming water town that is “the home of silk and satin” and “land of fish and rice.”  It is also the birthplace of a long list of ancient philosophers and great modern writers, poets, scientists, and celebrities.


Today’s Jiaxing is poised for economic development because of its modern infrastructure in transportation, communication, electronics, and turnkey labor solutions. It is located in the Yangtze River Delta in northeast Zhejiang province. Its registered population is 3.3 million with a floating population of 1 million. Jiaxing is within easy reach of several major cities in the Yangzte River Delta that are linked by a network of airports, railways, and sea harbors. After the high speed Maglev train project is completed in 2010, Shanghai and Hangzhou will be just 20 minutes from Jiaxing. The municipality covers 3,915 square kilometers and has seven subordinate counties and cities under its governance. All of them are listed among “China’s 100 best counties.”


Jiaxing acquired its name 1,700 years ago during the Qin Dynasty.  However, its early Ma Jia Bong Culture existed as far back as 7,000 years ago. The landscape combines the beauty of tides, lakes, rivers, sea, and mountains. Its South Lake is one of the three famous lakes in southeast China known for their unique scenery. Jiaxing boasts two ancient tourist towns and multiple national level scenic sites. The ancient town of Xitang is where Hollywood star Tom Cruise filmed his third episode of Mission Impossible.  But Jiaxing has its own celebrities as well—of the 1,800 scholars recorded in China’s Encyclopedia, more than 80 are natives of Jiaxing. A Nobel Physics prize winner, Dr. T.D. Lee, is also a native of Jiaxing.


Jiaxing has educational facilities of all kinds. The most well known is Xiu Zhou High School, which was founded by Western missionaries a century ago. Recently, Jiaxing has formed alliances with top national institutions including Tsinghua University and the China Academy of Sciences to develop both academic facilities and research institutes that will provide turnkey solutions for the labor market as well as commercialize their R&D products locally.


Jiaxing plans to turn its labor-intensive industries into technology-based industries.  GDP reached $17 billion in 2006, which amounts to per capita income of $5000. Jiaxing has 12 state-approved development zones. Foreign investment has reached $11 billion with 4,000 foreign-invested enterprises, including 23 of the world’s 500 biggest corporations. The current industries include textile, leather, electrical instruments, and general equipment manufacturing.  The city government has designated a special area in Nanhu to welcome high tech companies and research institutes.


Jiaxing is an ancient city with a rich cultural atmosphere.  It is also full of energy for growth and development.  Although Jiaxing’s size and population are greater than Rockville’s, from cultural, educational, touristic, and economic standpoints, both cities will find they have much in common.  It is our mission to cultivate these common interests through exchange and understanding and thus make our world a more peaceful place. 



Rockville Peony Garden

    Peony Garden Location Map

Rockville-Jiaxing Relations 2009-2013